Four Stages of Sexual Response in Men

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Most people think a naked woman is enough to make a man aroused. Well, they are right. Generally, men do not need to be touched or kissed to become aroused; a look is enough to set them off. Arousal in men is influenced by some factors such as age, mood, and if they are in their refractory period. Men have stages of arousal; this is shown by a sexual response cycle. A sexual response cycle is the sequence of physical and emotional changes in men. It occurs as a result of being sexually aroused or participating in sexually stimulating activities such as sexual intercourse, masturbation, and pornographic content. When a man is turned on, he gets an erection; then he goes through the four stages of sexual response which are arousal or excitement phase, plateau phase. Orgasm phase and resolution phase.

1. Arousal (excitement phase)

Also known as the excitement phase; this is the first stage of the sexual response cycle. This stage starts with the desire for sexual intimacy called libido. In this stage, a man gets a partial or a full erection. This stage begins when a man is sexually stimulated physically or mentally. The body prepares for sexual intercourse. More blood is pumped into the wet areas of the penis. The skin around the penis is loose and expandable, allowing the increase of the penis up to four times its size. Erection can be lost and regained repeatedly in a prolonged excitement stage. The scrotum can thicken, and testicles are drawn upwards. This stage can last from a few minutes to several hours. Other characteristics of this stage are tensing muscles, increased heart rate, nipple hardens, and a man begins pre-ejaculation.

2. Plateau stage

This is the second stage of the sexual response cycle and the stage before orgasm. In this stage, heart rate increases, breathing quickens, blood pressure rises, and muscles tenses further. The penis gets more extensive, and its color deepens. At the peak of this stage, men may start to utter unintended vocalizations; it means that sexual pleasure is achieved. The urethral sphincter contracts to stop semen from mixing with urine. The testicles swell up to 50% and move even closer to the body while the scrotum tightens. If this stage its prolonged then sexual frustration sets in.

3. Orgasm phase

This stage is the end of the plateau phase and the climax of the sexual response cycle. The orgasm phase lasts a few seconds. During orgasm, a series of involuntary muscle contractions force semen into the urethra, out of the penis.

Contractions occur in the pelvic floor muscles, the tube that transports sperm from the testicles to the penis, contractions also happen in the seminal vesicles and the prostate gland both adding fluid to sperm to come out as semen. During orgasm, there is the release of sexual tension, and a sex flush may appear around the body. Intense sensations may also be felt in the lower back or spine, and involuntary muscle contractions also take place. Other characteristics of this phase are blood pressure, heart rate, and breathing are incredibly high.

4. Resolution phase

This stage is the last stage of the sexual response cycle. It occurs after orgasm. In this stage, the body gradually returns to its normal state. Breathing, heart rates, and blood pressure return to their standard rates. Blood flow into the penis stops and the penis size decreases as it goes back to being flaccid. The color of the penis is also regained slowly as the resolution phase continues. The testicles return to their standard shape and position as the scrotum loosens. At this point, a man may be fatigued and will need a period before another orgasm can be achieved. The space of time between a man’s orgasm and the times it takes it to be sexually enhanced again is called the refractory period. It is impossible for men to reach orgasm during the refractory period, as it can only be achieved when the period has ended. The length of a mans refractory period majorly depends on his age although other factors can also play a role. The refractory period can be a few minutes to a matter of days.

These are the four stages of sexual response in men.

The stages listed above are a sequence which follows each other, but also a popular misconception is why people think when a man’s penis is erect, that means he is good to go. Penis erection can occur anytime; the penis is usually straight in the morning; also, a full bladder can affect your construction and orgasm as well. The majority believe having sex with a full bladder will make a man achieve orgasm much quicker than anticipated. This fact has not been scientifically proven. In conclusion, these other factors, such as anger, depression, and medical conditions, may affect a man’s erection and sex drive.

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